Top 7 Gum Disease Signs You Should Be Aware of

    Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is an inflammation of the gums that can result in serious health problems. Gingivitis, periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis are the three stages of this disorder.

    An inflamed and bleeding gum line is caused by bacteria and dental plaque in the early stages of gum disease. Failure to treat gingivitis can result in it progressing to periodontitis, causing your gums to move away from your teeth and form pockets. Food residue and dental plaque build-up in periodontal pockets can contribute to gum and jawbone degeneration. These pockets deepen during advanced gum disease, placing you at risk of having teeth that are loose and eventually fall out. 

    Gum disease can develop if you don't clean and floss your teeth thoroughly enough to remove dental plaque and food debris. Autoimmune illnesses, diabetes, broken fillings, heredity, and unhealthy habits like smoking are all prevalent risk factors for this problem. Gum disease affects more than 80% of persons over the age of 70, therefore aging can put you at risk for it too.

    Continue reading to discover the top seven early indications that you may have gum disease.

    1. Halitosis

    Halitosis can be caused by poor eating habits, decayed teeth, or other health problems. If your foul breath persists for an extended period of time, it could be an indication of gum disease. Bacteria that build in gum pockets and create inflammation can trigger halitosis.

    2. Bleeding gums

    If you see blood in your sink after using a toothbrush or dental floss, it could be a sign that you're brushing or flossing too hard, but it could also be an indication that you have gingivitis. Consider consulting a dentist to figure out what's causing your gums to bleed. A dental specialist can also show you how to brush and floss properly, as well as recommend toothpaste or toothbrushes that are specifically made for sensitive teeth and gums.

    3. An unpleasant taste in your mouth

    An unpleasant taste in your mouth is usually caused by improper dental hygiene. Gingivitis, which causes a terrible taste in your mouth, can develop if you avoid brushing or flossing your teeth on a regular basis. Halitosis can also be caused by other health issues such as acid reflux, hepatitis B, or a lung infection, but if it persists, see a dentist.

    4. Changes in your bite 

    Periodontal disease could be the culprit if you've noticed that your lower and upper teeth don't fit together as well as they used to. Bacteria in periodontal disease force your gums to move away from your teeth, exposing your jawbone to infection. This can cause your jawbone to lose density and volume, as well as cause teeth to move out of alignment.

    5. Receding gums

    Receding gums can result from a variety of factors, including age, brushing too hard, and, most notably, gum disease. Periodontitis can wreak havoc on gum tissue and the jawbone that holds your teeth in place. This can result in serious issues, such as missing teeth.

    6. Loose teeth

    Loose teeth are more common in youngsters, so any looseness you notice as an adult should not be ignored. Loose teeth, pain while chewing food, and changes in the bite are all signs that periodontal bacteria is causing damage to the roots of your teeth and the supporting structures beneath your gum line. Your best bet is to see a dentist ASAP to learn about your treatment options.

    7. Swollen and painful gums 

    Schedule an appointment with an experienced dentist if your gums have started to swell or have become painful when eating. A dental infection such as periodontitis is the most prevalent culprit behind swollen gums, particularly if the swelling persists and worsens over time. To relieve inflammation and soothe your gums before seeing a doctor, rinse your mouth with a saltwater solution and apply a cold compress.

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